In November 1882, Rudyard Kipling, about a month short of his seventeenth birthday and newly returned to India, the land of his birth, from England, where, following Anglo-Indian practice, his parents had placed him at age five for his education, became sub-editor of the Civil and Military Gazette in Lahore, capital of the Punjab province of British-ruled India. The CMG was the one daily newspaper in the Punjab. Kipling and the paper’s editor constituted the entire editorial staff. Over time, Kipling, in addition to his editorial tasks, began reporting on local news and official events. The editor also permitted him to place a few of his own poems and stories in the paper; a new editor welcomed many more.

The CMG offices where Kipling worked attracted a wide cross-section of...

 
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