Susan Sontag, in Notes on Camp (1964)
Just in case you were wondering what has happened to the discussion of Camp in the age of political correctness, more than thirty years after Susan Sontag published her famous Notes on the subject, consider the following passage from K. Robert Schwarzs article in the April issue of Opera News, a publication of the Metropolitan Opera Guild. Mr. Schwarzs topic is the critical response to The Ghosts of Versailles, composed by John Corigliano, with a libretto by William M. Hoffman, which had its world première at the Met in 1991:
Those who criticized Ghosts sometimes employed a peculiar vocabulary, one not often encountered in classical-music reviews. Edward Rothstein wrote of the operas camp humor and perversely campy villain; Bernard Holland accused the creators of dressing the twentieth century in Mozartian drag; Peter G. Davis denounced the irritatingly camp Rossini finale. Considering that both Corigliano and Hoffman are openly gay, might these words amount to coded references?
Hoffmans reply is unequivocal: Calling it campy is homophobic, absolutely. When theyre saying theres camp in Ghosts, what theyre really saying is its gay. The same people who talked about camp values in Ghosts would never use the word when talking about Mozart or Rossiniand I cant think of anything campier than LItaliana in Algeri. Why is it permissible for Rossini and not for us? Because knowing of the sexual orientation of the artists, they feel they can apply values to us that they dont dare apply to Rossini or Mozart.
Thus in the age of political correctness it is deemed permissible for artists who are openly gay to characterizeor, indeed, mischaracterizeMozart and Rossini as camp while it is forbidden for critics of Ghosts to describe that work in similar terms. Calling [Ghosts] campy is homophobic, absolutely, says Mr. Hoffman, putting the critics on notice that the language police now enjoy the support of the Metropolitan Opera Guild.
This article originally appeared in The New Criterion, Volume 13 Number 9, on page 3
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